Fig: Significance of Gaganyaan Mission

There are multiple significances of this upcoming manned mission of gaganyaan which will really stretch our nation to an intangible success in which every person should proud to be an Indian.

The main significance of the mission is to prove the capability of the country by sending the gaganyaan service module propulsion system to the lower earth orbit towards space with four humans for seven days of survival.

Importance Points of Gaganyaan

  1. The Indian Human Spaceflight Programme started in 2006 namely Orbital Vehicle.
  2. This mission was announced by The Prime Minister Mr Narendra Damadar Modi on 15th August 2018 independence day to accomplish the gaganyaan program.
  3. This programme comprises two unmanned mission and one manned mission also approved by Govt of india.
  4. Unmanned or uncrewed mission deal without a human and with a vyommitra robot.
  5. The cost of gaganyaan mission will be around 9024 Crore for a period of 7 years, among it 10,000 crore has been sunctioned by the govt.
  6. The life span of gaganyaan spcecraft is 7days with 3 astonauts.
  7. The oribit module divided into two different modules called service and crew module.
  8. The final mass of the module is 8200kg.
  9. ISRO’s Human Space Flight Centre and Glavcosmos signed a bond to evaluate the possibility of using Russian life support systems and thermal control for Gaganyaan.


  • Defence Research and Developement Organisation
  • Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
  • Indian Space Research Organisation


  • Indian Space Research Organisation

Space Centre

  • Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota

Launch Date

  • All the uncrewed mission will take place in 2022 as per the statement from ISRO.
  • The crewed mission will launched in 2023 as predicted by isro.

Orbital Vehicle

  • Service Module
  • Crew Module

Service Module: Liquid Propellant Engines

Cew Module: this module have both the life support and environmental control system.


Vyommitra a female robot will replace the astronauts place and a humanoid robot vyommitra to replace the animal place for all the uncrewed mission for gaganyaan test was added by ISRO in a statement on 22 JAN 2020.

It can be capable to speak Hindi, English and will perform several tasks.

Lifting/Rocket Use

GSLV Mark III, the three stages medium launch vehicle rocket is used to lift up the gaganyaan module.


these are the experiments that need to be conducted during the gaganyaan mission.

  • To test Microgarvity
  • To Monitor module parameter
  • Simulating function test like human to support crews

Pre-Testing Done

Below are the tests which already been performed for the success of the gaganyaan module on the same date as mentioned.

  • Crew Module Atmospheric Re Entry Experiment-13FEB2014
  • Pad Abort Test-05JULY2018
  • Long Duration Hot Test – Vikash Engine-14JULY2021
  • Service Module Propulsion System-28AUG2021
Launch On2023